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Queen Consort of England Philippa of Hainault
20 generations from the origin. Great x 18 grandmother.

Birth: c. 1314, Valenciennes, Flanders;
Death: Aug 15, 1369; Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England;
Age: 55

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  • Queen Consort of England


Philippa of Hainault (c. 1314 – August 15, 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England.

Philippa was born in Valenciennes (then in Flanders, now France) and was the daughter of William III, Count of Hainaut and Jeanne of Valois, the granddaughter of Philip III of France.

She married Edward at York Minster, on 24 January 1328, eleven months after his accession to the English throne and, unlike many of her predecessors, she did not alienate the English people by retaining her foreign retinue upon her marriage or bringing large numbers of foreigners to the English court.

Philippa accompanied Edward on his expeditions to the Kingdom of Scotland (1333) and Flanders (1338-40), where she won acclaim for her gentleness and compassion. She is also remembered by history as the tender-hearted woman, who interceded with her husband and persuaded him to spare the lives of the Burghers of Calais whom he had planned to execute as an example to the townspeople. She acted as a regent on several occassions when he was on the continent. It was during one of these times that the Scots invaded. She raised an army and defeated the Scots at Durham in 1346.

Philippa and Edward had fourteen children, including five sons who lived into adulthood and whose rivalry would eventually bring about the long-running civil wars known as the Wars of the Roses. Their sons are listed below:
  • Edward, the Black Prince (1330-76) - his only living issue was King of England Richard II who died without issue.
  • Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-68)
  • John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-99)
  • Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (1341-1402)
  • Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1355-97)

Another three sons and two daughters died in infancy. There were four surviving daughters, listed below; however, none of these had issue which survived:
  • Isabella of England (1332-1379)
  • Joan of England (1334-1348)
  • Mary Plantagenet (1344-1362)
  • Margaret Plantagenet (1346-1361)

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See the Family Tree

Count Hainaut William I de Avesnes
1286 - Jun 7, 1337
Jeanne de Valois
c. 1294 - Mar 7, 1352
Primary or Last Marriage:
Date: Jan 24, 1328, Place: York Minster, York, England, Status: Marriage, Note:
King of England Edward III Plantagenet
Nov 13, 1312 - Jun 21, 1377
Duke of Lancaster John "of Gaunt" Plantagenet
Great x 17 grandfather
Mar 6, 1340 - Feb 3, 1399
Duke of York Edmund of Langley Plantagenet
Great x 18 grandfather
Jun 5. 1341 - Aug 1, 1402
Duke of Gloucester Thomas Plantagenet of Woodstock
Great x 17 grandfather
Jan 7, 1355 - Sep 8, 1397
Duke of Clarence Lionel of Antwerp
Great x 20 grandfather
Nov 29, 1338 - Oct 7, 1368
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