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Duke of Buckingham Edward Stafford
16 generations from the origin. Great x 14 grandfather.

Birth: Feb. 3, 1478, Brecknock Castle, Brecon, Wales;
Death: May 17, 1521; London, England; Executed at the command of King Henry VIII on Tower Hill (next to the Tower of London)
Age: 43

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  • 3rd Duke of Buckingham, 1st creation - Dates: 1485-1521
  • Knight of the Garter - Dates: 1495
  • Lord High Constable - Dates: 1514-1521


Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham (February 3, 1478 -- May 17, 1521) was an English nobleman. He was the son of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Catherine Woodville.

Born at Brecknock Castle, Brecon, Wales, his father was attainted and executed for rebelling against King Richard III of England when Stafford was five. When Henry VII ascended the throne, the attainder was reversed and the wardship of the young duke was given to the King's mother Margaret Beaufort. (A reason for the reverse of the attainder may be that Edward was first cousin to Queen Elizabeth of York, Henry's wife) As a young man, Stafford was made a Knight of the Garter (1495), and had various ceremonial roles at the royal court. This continued in an even grander way with the accession of Henry VIII: Stafford became lord high constable, and was lord high steward at Henry's coronation in 1509, where he also carried the king's crown.

Yet the real power in Henry VIII's court was not with the great nobles but with low-born men such as Thomas Wolsey. Stafford, with his royal blood and numerous connections by descent or marriage with the rest of the aristocracy, became a leader of the disaffected nobles. The ever-suspicious king personally examined various witnesses, and had Stafford arrested in 1521. The charges, such as that Stafford had listened to prophecies regarding when the king would die, are generally considered to be trumped-up. It was once maintained that Wolsey was behind the matter, but there is no hard evidence for this.

Stafford was tried before a panel of 17 peers, but with the king's mind already decided, conviction was certain, and he was executed on Tower Hill. He was attainted by act of Parliament on July 31, 1523.

Stafford married Alianore Percy, daughter of Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland. They had four children:
Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford, who later recovered some of the forfeited estates.
Elizabeth, who married Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
Catherine, who married Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland
Mary, who married George Neville, 5th Baron Bergavenny

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See the Family Tree

Duke of Buckingham Henry Stafford
Sep 4, 1454 - Nov 2, 1483
Duchess of Buckingham Catherine Woodville
1458 - May 18, 1497
Primary or Last Marriage:
Date: , Place: , Status: Marriage, Note:
Duchess of Buckingham Alianor Percy
c. 1474 - Feb 13, 1530
Baroness Bergavenny Mary Stafford
Great x 13 grandmother
1495 -
Duchess of Norfolk Elizabeth Stafford
Great x 13 grandaunt
1494 - Nov 30, 1558
Baron Stafford Henry Stafford
Great x 13 granduncle
Sep 18, 1501 - Apr 30, 1563
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