Birth: Jan 7, 1355, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England;
Death: Sep 8, 1397; Calais, Pas-de-Calais, France; Murdered while in prison in Calais for treason against his nephew King Richard II
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- 1st Duke of Gloucester - Dates: 1385
- 1st Earl of Essex, 4th creation - Dates: 1376
- 1st Earl of Buckingham, 3rd creation - Dates: 1377
- Duke of Aumale - Dates: Sep 3, 1385
- Prince of England
Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester (January 7, 1355 – September 8 (or 9), 1397) was the thirteenth and youngest child of King Edward III of England and Queen Philippa. He was the fifth of the five sons of Edward III who survived to adulthood.
Thomas was born after two short-lived sons, one of whom had also been baptised Thomas. He was born at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire. He married Eleanor de Bohun in 1376, and inherited the title Earl of Essex from his father-in-law, Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford. Woodstock's wife's younger sister, Mary de Bohun, was subsequently married to Henry "Bolingbroke," who eventually became Henry IV of England.
At the age of 22, in 1377, Woodstock was created Earl of Buckingham. In 1385 he received the title Duke of Aumale, and at about the same time was created Duke of Gloucester.
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