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Empress Consort of the Holy Roman Empire Adelaide
33 generations from the origin. Great x 31 grandmother.
Birth: 931, Burgundy;
Death: Dec 16, 999; Germany;
Age: 68

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  • Empress Consort of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Princess of Burgundy


Saint Adelaide (931 – 16 December 999) was perhaps the most prominent European woman of the 10th century.

She was the daughter of Rudolf II of Burgundy and Bertha of Swabia. Her first marriage, at the age of fifteen, was to the son of her father's rival in Italy, Lothair II, the nominal King of Italy; the union was part of a political settlement designed to conclude a peace between her father and Hugh of Provence, the father of Lothair. They had a daughter, Emma of Italy.

The Calendar of Saints states that her first husband was poisoned by the holder of real power, his successor, Berengar of Ivrea, who attempted to cement his political power by forcing her to marry his son, Adalbert; when she refused and fled, she was tracked down and imprisoned for four months at Como. She escaped to the protection, at Canossa, of Adalbert Atto, where she was besieged by Berengar. She managed to send an emissary to throw herself on the mercy of Otto the Great of Germany. His brothers were equally willing to save the heiress of Italy, but Otto got an army into the field: they subsequently met at the old Lombard capital of Pavia and were married in 951; he was crowned Emperor in Rome, 2 February 962 by Pope John XII, and, most unusually, she was crowned Empress at the same ceremony. Among their children, four lived to maturity: Henry, born in 952; Bruno, born 953; Matilda, Abbess of Quedlinburg, born about 954; and Otto II, later Holy Roman Emperor, born 955.

In Germany, the crushing of a revolt in 953 by Liudolf, Otto's son by his first marriage, cemented the position of Adelaide, who retained all her dower lands. She accompanied Otto in 966 on his third expedition to Italy, where she remained with him for six years.

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See the Family Tree

King of Burgundy and Italy Rudolph II
905 - Aug 11, 937
Queen Consort of Burgundy and Italy Bertha of Swabia
c. 907 - Jan 2, 966
Primary or Last Marriage:
Date: , Place: , Status: Marriage, Note:
Holy Roman Emperor Otto I the Great
Nov 23, 912 - May 7, 973
Holy Roman Emperor Otto II
Great x 30 grandfather
955 - Dec 7, 983
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